If you’re thinking about installing a new heating, ventilation, and air conditioning system in your home or business in Gastonia, North Carolina, ask your HVAC contractor about heat pumps. Heat pumps provide conditioned air like traditional central ACs. However, they use less energy while still creating a comfortable indoor climate. Here’s some information about heat pumps, helping you choose the right type for your home’s heating and cooling demands.

How Heat Pumps Work

You might not guess it, but heat pumps don’t only produce heat. They also work as air conditioners. The same principle of heat exchange used in a standard AC applies to heat pumps. In air conditioning mode, circulating refrigerant extracts heat from the air inside and releases it outside. In heating mode, it works in reverse.

Types of Heat Pumps

There are three primary types of heat pumps:

  • Air-source heat pumps extract heat from the air (the most common type).
  • Water-source heat pumps extract heat from a nearby water source.
  • Geothermal heat pumps extract heat from the earth.

Heat pumps are available as both split and packaged units that send conditioned air through ducts. If your home doesn’t have ductwork, ductless mini-split heat pumps provide heating and cooling for individual rooms or zones.

Energy-Efficient Heating and Cooling

Since heat pumps move instead of generate heat, they use minimal energy to operate. Geothermal units are the most economical, reducing energy usage by up to 60 percent. An air-source heat pump provides up to three times more heat energy than the electricity it uses to operate.

Newer models offer innovative features that improve efficiency and increase comfort. Heat pumps are better at controlling humidity.

Two-speed compressors allow the unit to operate at lower speeds in response to heating and cooling needs. Scroll compressors are quieter than piston compressors and produce more heat. Dual-speed motors distribute air more consistently, reducing hot spots and drafts. Some models heat water from recovered heat.

Roland Black Heating & Cooling installs, services and maintains all types of heat pumps. Contact us today to talk to a comfort technician about how installing a high-quality heat pump in your home can help save money and enhance comfort.

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